Important Animal Testing Facts

Animal testing is a controversial procedure. Experimenting with animals is both painful and inhumane for them. We’re explaining why in here!

Before bringing new cosmetics, a medicinal product, household cleaners and such on the market, tests need to be done. That’s because people using them may encounter health problems. Or the environment may suffer. This is where animals come in. In fact the law says that these products must be tested on them first. Only after that can humans be used for experimentation. If a certain product is tested on an animal, people become sure that the item, pill and so on is safe for personal use.

Besides making sure that medicine, food additives and much more are both effective and secure, animal testing is also used in education. Understanding the functions of a human body relies on animal experimentation, too.

The procedures

There are a lot of animal practices that are common when testing a product on them:

  • decapitation;
  • surgical procedures;
  • recovery afterwards;
  • physical restraint over a short time;
  • not feeding them;
  • water deprivation;
  • electrical shock;
  • clipping their tails;
  • injections into the animal’s abdomen;
  • asphyxiation from carbon dioxide;
  • manipulation of genes;
  • oral force-feeding;
  • exposing the animal to drugs that will kill them or provoke serious pain;
  • infliction of burns

and so many other cruel actions.rat-used-for-testing

According to statistics on animal experimentation, mice are the most frequently used species. Then there are the following: fish, guinea pigs, rats, hamsters, dogs, rabbits, chimpanzees, cats, monkeys, birds, mini-pigs, and farm animals.

Other statistics says that over 115 million animals are experimented on across the globe. However, there’s a larger number of them going through suffering. An exact number cannot be offered; that’s due to the fact that data on animal experimentation isn’t gathered and published from a large number of countries.

The ones in Europe which test many products on animals are these: the UK, Germany, and France.

Plenty of facts against animal testing should be mentioned here:

  1. animals go through a lot of excruciating pain;
  2. they eventually die in most cases;
  3. it’s ethically wrong to perform these tests on animals since they can’t say no and refuse them;
  4. if medicine is proven safe after tests are concluded, this doesn’t mean that humans are exempt from becoming sick afterwards;
  5. creating a symptom or more artificially isn’t relevant;
  6. animal experiments are done using a limited number of substances;
  7. tests take a lot of time;
  8. they also require numerous resources.

Pros and cons for and against animal testing have always been discussed. The most important advantages can be seen in several domains. Efficiency has been proven, for instance, in the case of asthma patients. Dialysis and life support machines are also a result of animal testing. Besides all the suffering caused to animals, experimentation on them has been proven to have a low benefit in medicine.

The alternatives

Numerous alternatives to animal testing have already been available for a long time now. Computational biology and functional genomics are only some of them. The EU has something called the three Rs. Here they are: replacement, reduction, and refinement of animal testing. They all constitute a legal obligation and the purpose is to reduce animal experimentation. Then there are certain drugs which are tested using human cell cultures. There’s also a specific method which makes use of synthetic skin.

Here are some unknown facts about animal testing:

  • China doesn’t ban this procedure; in fact, animal experimentation is compulsory there;
  • US laboratories abuse more than 100 million animals a year;
  • laboratories where amphibians, mice, reptiles, birds, and rats are used are cleared, by the Animal Welfare Act, of protection;
  • a pregnant animal is killed and its offspring is then tested instead;
  • one pesticide is registered after up to 12,000 animals go through more than 50 experiments;
  • pain relief is never used for animals before or after tests begin/end;
  • the Animal Welfare Act may protect certain animals against testing, but they can still be hurt and no alternatives are used;
  • 95% of animals that go through testing aren’t protected against these cruel practices.

Did our facts change your opinion on animal testing? Let us know in the comment box below.

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