Top Facts About Hurricanes

Hurricanes, tornadoes, typhoons, and tropical storms are all names for the same terrifying phenomenon. Our planet has seen some of the most deadliest hurricanes ever. We’ll mention them here. But we also want to tell you some interesting and fun facts about them. Because there are!

Katrina and Sandy are the names of the most powerful hurricanes that have ever hit the US. They both caused serious property damage, deaths, and they separated families. Hurricane Katrina struck the US in 2005. Hurricane Sandy, on the other hand, affected the same region 7 years later, in 2012.

A simple definition of a hurricane should be given. Here it is: a form of severe tropical storm (or tropical cyclone) that can happen in certain areas. Which are the following: Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean Sea, eastern Pacific Ocean, and southern Atlantic Ocean. A tropical cyclone can produce winds whose speeds vary. In case they reach 39-73 mph, we’re talking about a tropical storm. In fact if the winds have speeds of under 38 mph, then a tropical depression can happen. Finally, once the speed of the winds reaches more than 74 mph, a hurricane is ready to strike.

hurricane-katrina

Hurricane Katrina

The problems

This natural disaster called a hurricane generates many problems. The way it forms is explained here. First, it needs months with warm temperatures. Large masses of warm ocean water happen when this condition is met. Then, once these appear, the hurricane is going to form over said masses. In fact a surrounding area that has higher air pressure has that air pushed to an area with low pressure.

The new air rises after becoming moist and warm. The surrounding air will then come in and replace the new one. The previously warm air will soon cool off. Clouds are formed thanks to the water contained in the air. The heat from the ocean and the surface’s water, which evaporates, gives way to the combination of wind and clouds.

hurricane-sandy

Hurricane Sandy

Interesting facts

Some interesting facts now:

  • besides very strong winds, a hurricane also produces heavy rainfall. This can turn into flash flood. Mud-slides and landfall also happen;
  • hurricanes don’t have only female names; male names are also used;
  • “hurricane” was first referred to by the Taino. They were an indigenous people of the Caribbean. For them, a hurricane was an evil spirit of the wind;
  • a hurricane is more than able to produce a tornado (or more);
  • the eye of a hurricane is known to have calm weather. The diameter of this eye is about 30 miles (meaning 48 km);
  • May 15 is the start of the hurricane season in the Pacific. The season is over on November 30;
  • the hurricane season begins June 1 in the Atlantic. It ends on the same date as the Pacific one;
  • C. Wragge is the first to have ever named a hurricane. It happened in the 1990s;
  • Florida is the state most affected by hurricanes;
  • there’s a hurricane on planet Jupiter;
  • there are 5 hurricane categories. First category is represented by winds reaching 74-95 miles per hour (119-153 kph). Second category: winds of 96-110 miles per hour (154-177 kph). Third category is the one where winds of 111-130 miles per hour (179-209 kph) are recorded. The fourth hurricane category is when the speed of winds reaches 131-155 miles per hour (211-249 kph). The last category is given by winds that move more than 155 miles per hour (that’s over 249 kph);
  • “willy-willies” is the name given by Australians to hurricanes;
  • a category 4 hurricane occurred in 1990. The two states it hit were Galveston and Texas;
  • the Equator doesn’t have hurricanes forming near it. In fact that’s because there, the Coriolis Force is really weak. A hurricane has to have this force in order to correctly form.

Hurricanes are some of the most dangerous and costly natural disasters.

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