Grand Canyon Interesting Facts

If you haven’t visited the Grand Canyon yet but you want to, here’s what you need to know about it.

There are plenty of useful and interesting facts and figures about the Grand Canyon of Colorado:

  • first of all, this is one of the most celebrated natural wonders of our times (it’s in the popular list of 7 natural wonders);
  • the Canyon is imbued with a lot of history, too;
  • the Grand Canyon is located in this state: Arizona. The latter is a part of the US. This is why Arizona is known as “The Grand Canyon State”;
  • in fact the actual name of this natural beauty was first uttered by a war veteran, accordingly to Wikipedia. His name was John Wesley Powell. Before him, an Indian tribe known as the Paiute gave the canyon this name: Kaibab. The word translates as “mountain turned upside down”; it can also mean “mountain lying down.”;grand-canyon
  • another interesting fact is that the Grand Canyon was inhabited for the first time ever by the Paleo-Indian. They settled there 12,000 years ago;
  • no one knows for sure how it formed. But a vast majority of scientists say that the Canyon was created thanks to the Colorado River. The event happened somewhere between 3 and 6 million years ago. Back then, the region was made of layered rock and its name was this: the Colorado Plateau. The Grand Canyon was born out of melted snow and rain from the Colorado River; those flowed over the aforementioned plateau until the Canyon appeared;
  • in fact this natural wonder contains different layers. The two most important ones are called like this: the Vishnu Schist and the Kaibab Limestone. The latter is found on the top; the other one is at the bottom of the Canyon. Each layer is composed of soil and rock. They’re of different colors. The most common ones are as follows: purple, red, and white. You’ll also see orange and yellow hues. The Kaibab Limestone layer was formed around 240 million years ago. The Vishnu Schist is approximately 1.7 billion years old;
  • the length of the Grand Canyon is 277 miles. Its average depth is around 1 mile. The area it covers is 1,900 square miles;
  • the Canyon is made of 2 rims: the South Rim and the North Rim. The former has a height of 7,000 feet; the latter is 8,000 feet high. While the South part’s climate is warm and dry, the North sees more snow melt and rain; as a result, the terrain there is steeper. You can hike down easily while you’re visiting the South Rim;
  • there are 5 Indian tribes living in the region. Here are their names: Hualapai, the Hopi, Paiute, Navajo, and Havasupai;grand-canyon-colorado
  • the Grand Canyon is rich in wildlife. You’ll see 89 mammal species, 17 fish types, and 355 bird species. The Canyon is also famous for its 47 reptile types, 1,500 plants, and 9 amphibian creatures. Among the mammals you’ll find mountain lions, coyotes, bobcats, squirrels, and raccoons. The most common reptiles are the following: the Diamond Back Rattler Snake and the Chuckwalla Lizard. Scientists have come across sloth bones in the Canyon’s caves. These fossils are 11,00 years old. The Grand Canyon has another oddity going on: the Grand Canyon pink rattlesnake. Other fossils were discovered, too. They were bones belonging to Woolly Mammoths. Amphibian and reptile fossil footprints have also been found in the area;
  • the air you breathe once you’re visiting this site is considered one of the freshest in the US;
  • the Canyon was declared a National Monument in 1908. 11 years later, it turned into a National Park thanks to Woodrow Wilson;
  • another amazing fact is that the Grand Canyon National Park is visited by over 5 million people per year. If you come with a dog, you must keep it on a leash. UNESCO have listed the Canyon as a World Heritage Site ever since 1979. The first tourists to ever see it came in the late 1880s. The early 1990s saw the visit of this American president: Theodore Roosevelt. The Spanish were the first people from Europe to visit the Grand Canyon;
  • one can visit the park’s South Rim all year round. The North Rim, however, can be visited from mid-May till mid-October;
  • the Federal Aviation Administration (or FAA) came to be in 1958. It was created after 2 planes collided over the Grand Canyon;
  • you aren’t allowed to remove wildlife from the Grand Canyon National Park. It’s also prohibited to do the following: feed, hunt, approach or trap animals there. The US have a lot of national parks; the Grand Canyon one is 17th on their list;
  • captain Garcia Lopez de Cardenas of Spain is believed to have come upon the Canyon of Colorado for the first time. This presumably happened in 1540;
  • the Grand Canyon is managed by the following: the Hualapai Tribe Nation and the Havasupai Tribe.

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