Important Wolf Facts

Wolves aren’t favorites with some people. Many of us consider them harbingers of evil. But these land mammals are some really fascinating creatures. If you aren’t convinced, let us show you some very interesting wolf facts:

  • a wolf is, as we said already, a mammal. This means that it gives birth to live babies which feed on milk;
  • there are 10 species of wolves. These are their names: the grey wolf, the red wolf, the Ethiopian wolf (Canis simensis), the Mexican wolf (Canis lupus baileyi), the Arctic wolf (Canis lupus arctos), the Eastern wolf (Canis lupus lycaon or Canis lycaon), the Eurasian wolf (Canis lupus lupus), the Italian wolf (Canis lupus italicus), the tundra wolf, and the maned wolf;
  • in fact the grey wolf species contains individuals whose fur is very different in color. This species has individuals which are either white, black or grizzled grey in color;
  • the tail of a wolf adds 13-20 in (33-51 cm) to its 36-63 in (91-160 cm) body size. The weight of a wolf is as follows: 40-175 lbs (meaning 18-79 kg);wolf-female
  • grey wolves live in groups that have the following name: a “pack.” These animals’ habitat is made of areas in the following regions: Pacific Northwest, Canada, northern Rockies, the Great Lakes, and Alaska. The Mexican species prefers brush and desert areas situated in the southwest;
  • in terms of grey wolf population, there are almost 16,575 individuals;
  • the diet of a grey wolf has various mammals in it. These can be rabbits, elk, moose, and beavers. They can eat caribou and deer, too. But wolves can also consume animals which have died from different causes. Fruit, fish, and snakes are good, as well. An individual is capable of eating 20 pounds (or 9 kg) of food one time alone;
  • these animals descend from the domestic dog. They look similar to malamutes. The wolf also shares a resemblance to the German shepherd;
  • a wolf has a number of 42 teeth in its strong mouth. Its legs are also strong and they can travel over vast distances;
  • the wolf’s mating season happens in either January or February. A female wolf has a gestation period of 63 days. Once this specific period finishes, the female will give birth to 4-7 babies. The offspring has a particular name: pup. Another amazing fact is that the baby doesn’t have its eyes open at first. Besides that, it isn’t capable of defending itself. This is why, the pup will be protected by both its parents and other members of the pack. A pup can only become fully mature when it’s around 10 months old;
  • a pack is made of 6-10 wolves. These individuals both live and hunt for food together;
  • an interesting fact is that the leader of a pack is called an “alfa.” The weakest member is known as an “omega.” An alpha male will only breed with its alpha female;

    arctic-wolf

    Arctic wolf

  • the sense of teamwork in the case of wolves is very well-known. This makes them very efficient in times of need. The relationships these individuals build between one another are very deep;
  • an adult wolf communicates with another or more via numerous sounds. It can either howl, bark, growl or whine. You won’t see a wolf howling at the moon, though. That’s due to the fact that this animal becomes active during two periods: at dusk or at dawn;
  • a wolf has a very important effect on different ecosystems. This comes from the fact that it leaves carcasses behind it, which, in turn, feed numerous species. Also, wolves keep these populations from becoming too numerous and hurting the environment: elk and deer;
  • in fact, according to myths, wolves attack people a lot. That’s simply not true;
  • in captivity, a wolf can live for around 16 years. In the wild, a wolf will reach about 16 years of age;
  • wolves were considered by the Vikings as powerful symbols. These majestic animals were seen as important companions in battles;
  • a wolf will only run on its toes;
  • wolves appear depicted in cave drawings dating back to 20,000 B.C. These caves are located in southern Europe;
  • the eyes of a pup has a blue color when the offspring is born. At 8 months old, the color turns to yellow;
  • the disease known as “lupus” was once considered to appear because of a bite made by a wolf;
  • wolves have great hearing and eyesight;
  • Remus Lupin, a character in the Harry Potter saga, is a name connected to both wolves and Rome. “Lupin” comes from “lupus”, which is “wolf” in Latin. Remus was one of Rome’s founders. Another interesting fact is that according to legend, he was fed by a female wolf with his brother Romulus;
  • wolves were never hunt by Cherokee Indians.

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