Interesting Christopher Columbus Facts

Christopher Columbus is an important figure in world history. Let’s find out more about him and his adventures!

There are a lot of interesting facts about Christopher Columbus. Some are very well-known, others not so much. We’ll begin this post by talking about his biography.

Christopher Columbus was born on October 31 1451. His birthplace was Genoa, which today is part of Italy. He died on May 20 1506 in Spain. People in Spain refer to him as Cristóbal Colón. In Italy, he is known as Cristoforo Colombo. The name everyone knows him under is an Anglicisation of the Latin Christophorus Columbus. He came from the middle-class. His father, Domenico Colombo, worked as a wool weaver. His mom’s name was Susanna Fontanarossa. Christopher had 1 sister and 3 brothers: Bianchinetta, Giacomo, Giovanni Pellegrino and Bartolomeo. When he was young, Christopher would help his dad at the latter’s cheese stand. During his adult years, this future explorer worked in Portugal in a cartography workshop. The time spent there helped him learn the ways of operating a ship. He also became an expert at creating maps.Christopher-Columbus

According to Columbus, the first time he went to the sea he was 10 years old. 9 years later, he and his family left Genoa and headed to Savona, where they would settle. Christopher became an apprentice in 1473. In fact he worked as a business agent. 3 years later, Columbus saw Ireland and England for the first time after traveling there in an armed convoy. After sailing to Lisbon in 1477, he settled there. He and Bartolomeo, who was also in Lisbon, worked together for an influential family as traders. Christopher married several years later; his wife was Filipa Moniz Perestrelo. Columbus became a dad in either 1479 or 1480. No one knows for sure what happened to his wife, but he eventually left Portugal in 1485.

That same year, Christopher had an idea. He wanted to sail to China via the Atlantic Ocean. For that, he would need 3 ships. The king of Portugal was presented with his plan. Because his plan was rejected, Columbus sent his proposal to the king of England via Bartolomeo. This plan also failed. He finally found success in 1846. Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile agreed to help by financing his trip. His 3 ships set sail on August 3 1492. Here are their names: the Santa María, the Pinta and the Santa Clara. The first piece of land they found was San Salvador (today known as The Bahamas). This happened on October 12 1492. Hispaniola and Cuba were explored that same year.cristopher-columbus-first-journey

In 1493, Columbus made a last stop in what is known as the New World. He then returned to Spain and left again for the New World. He wanted to found durable colonies there. They the island of Guadeloupe, saw the Virgin Islands and the Greater Antilles. After spending some time in Puerto Rico, he headed to Hispaniola. Christopher went to the New World for the third time in 1498. He and his crew sailed to Porto Santo, Madeira, the Canary Islands and Cape Verde. They then continued towards Dominica, Trinidad, the Gulf of Paria and the islands of Chacachacare and Margarita. Grenada and Tobago were also sighted. The fourth and last voyage of Columbus began in 1502. Christopher Columbus died 4 years later thinking he’d found a way into Asia through the Atlantic Ocean.

Now that you’re aware of Columbus’s timeline, let’s see some interesting facts about him. This famed explorer spoke 3 foreign languages: Castilian, Portuguese and Latin. He was also versed in history, geography and astronomy. Columbus thought Earth’s shape was that of a pear and he never was much of a governor. He said he’d come back from his voyages with important goods, but he never did. In fact he also didn’t bring valuable knowledge on a new trade route. Christopher Columbus loved enslave natives and trade them, even though he firmly believed in God. His actual burial place is unknown. Dominicans say it’s in the Dominican Republic, while Spaniards claim it’s in Spain.

There are a lot of documentaries made on Christopher Columbus’s travels. Those made by History Channel and the BBC are some of the most popular ones. We hope we provided an interesting insight into this famed explorer’s life!

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