Useful Fracking Facts

For many, “fracking” is an unfamiliar word. But for people who know what it’s all about, this term brings them nightmares and the need to protest against it. We’re bringing you interesting fracking facts, statistics, figures, pros and cons!

Fracking is synonymous with hydraulic fracturing. In other words: fracking is the process which has to do with both drilling and then injecting fluid into the ground at a pressure that’s really high. This is done so that shale rocks are fractured. The procedure will afterwards release natural gas inside the ground. That gas moves into the well via fissures.

There are a lot of dangers to this process:

  • for one, a lot of freshwater is removed. This means the loss of millions of gallons of this important element. A well needs 2-5 million gallons of water that’s removed locally. The water will then become contaminated by these: toxic chemicals; the latter come from the fracking fluid. Danger also arises from contaminants in the ground;
  • almost half of the mentioned water will come back to the earth’s surface. It’s possible that the other half stays under the ground; it’s also probable that it joins the other half to the surface (along with all the toxic material);fracking
  • the underground fracked water can’t be degraded ecologically. The first half of the water is kept in these: containers made of steel. The liquid will then be injected underground. For that, gas and oil waste wells will be employed.

In fact the toxic mix we spoke about is highly dangerous. It contains around 600 chemicals. Among them are toxins and carcinogens. According to statistics, here are the 8 most powerful toxins:

  1. mercury;
  2. formaldehyde;
  3. lead;
  4. radium;
  5. ethylene glycol;
  6. hydrochloric acid;
  7. methanol;
  8. uranium.

Citric acids, boric acids, acetic acids, and so on make the rest of the composition. Diesel fuel has also been discovered in fracking fluid.

Not only humans are affected by the hydraulic fracturing. The environment is, too. A gas well needs some 400 tanker trucks. These are used for moving both supplies and water around.

Another dangerous fact is that the storage tanks become contaminated by chemicals around them and truck traffic causes heavy pollution. Then there’s the drilling, which causes damage to the soil. Moreover, fracking results in the fragmentation of natural habitat. Various states in the US have already mentioned fracking contamination. The latter has affected drinking water and produced major ground contagion. There’s also been surface contamination.fracking-infographic

A well used for drinking water is subjected to methane contamination. Especially when it’s situated near a site where fracking frequently happens. Methane concentration there is 17% more powerful than if a normal well existed. By drinking spoiled water, you risk neurological problems. Other health issues can be noticed in the respiratory and sensory systems.

The hydraulic fracturing fluid is made of these: chemicals and sand. Another concerning fact is that a fracturing action alone uses about 40,000 gallons of different synthetic products.

Ground level ozone can also result from fracturing. Volatile organic compounds (or VOCs) are released into the earth’s atmosphere by waste fluid. This happens through evaporation. Acid rain is another unwelcome problem brought by the fracking. The air becomes contaminated, too. In total, some 300,000 barrels of natural gas are issued by the fracturing; and that appears over the course of 1 day!

At the moment, there’s a FRAC Act. It stands for Fracturing Responsibility and Awareness of Chemicals. According to it, the energy industry should mention every chemical needed for the fracking liquid. The initiators of this act also demand that the exemption of fracturing be annulled from the current Safe Drinking Water Act.

On the other hand, fracking has had a positive effect for people in Pennsylvania. For instance, this procedure has created jobs for them. A fall in the price of natural gas was recorded last year.

The EPA – United States Environmental Protection Agency – have been conducting various studies on both hydraulic and oil fracking. This came after a Congress request.

Have these facts made you more aware of fracking and its effects?

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. We also share information about your use of our site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners. More Info | Close